Dice Games

Games of chance encompass games wherein the primary component to the game is the dice itself. Unlike other games that use dice (such as most board games and role-playing games), dice games are nothing without the dice; other games system utilize the dice as tools to represent chance and luck or as a means to determine results. Dice games either use a score system to determine a victor (after a series of rounds) or a bidding system is used, often in conjunction with the purpose of gambling. An positive aspect to dice games is that is equalizes most of the skill with players; winning is determined more randomly than in other games and skill is not the primary winning factor.

**Examples**-Liar’s dice, Yahtzee, Kismet, Craps

**Developmental Potential**

*Mental*-dice games are innately mathematical games of chance and probability. The first steps into playing dice games, therefore, is math; specifically basic math skills (i.e. addition and subtraction). When one totals a result arising from multiple die and/or dice rolls, then one practices mental arithmetic; this process/practice is repeated with every die roll. After repeated play, one observes the probability and averages at work in die rolls. For example, on two six-sided dice (2d6) the average die roll result is 7; this average is determined in two ways: the average is calculated from totalling the highest possible die result (12) with the lowest result (2) and then dividing the total (14) by two (the number of numbers used to determine the total result); the other way is to look at every possible numerical combination that two d6’s can produce and notice that a sum of 7 occurs six out of thirty-six possible combinations, greater than any other possible combination. With the knowledge of probability, one then learns to “play the odds,” using that knowledge to greatest advantage within the game; this often arises from games that use a bidding system or for gambling purposes. Finally, dice games can teach a fundamental principle in strategy and tactics: risk management. Risk management is an important aspect to gambling, but also other games of chance, chiefly Yahtzee and Kismet. Risk management involves examining the existing options and weighing those options against each other, attempting to maximize beneficial results or accomplish the most for eventual victory. The biggest consideration in this analysis is safely achieving success versus the chance of failure; in other words risking everything for a big win or winning step-by-step.

**NOTE:** the above is meant to be informative and analytical. It should not be misconstrued as advocacy for gambling or any illegal activity, nor condone any such activity.

**P.S.**-sorry for the delay.